Understanding Employment Norms in Senegal: A Comprehensive Guide
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Hiring in Senegal? Read on to find out the employment norms (like taxes, payroll and benefits) and EOR (Employer on Record) norms in Senegal.

Employment Norms in Senegal

Senegal is a West African country with a rich cultural heritage and a growing economy. It has specific employment laws and regulations that employers must adhere to when hiring and managing their workforce. Understanding these employment norms is crucial for businesses operating in Senegal.

General Information:

  • The Senegal currency is the West African CFA franc (XOF)
  • Dakar is the capital of Senegal
  • French is the official language of Senegal. Documentation can be in French.
  • As of 2021, the GDP of Senegal was reported to be 27.63 Billion USD.
Senegal has labor laws regulating minimum wage, working conditions, and labor contracts. Discrimination and child labor are prohibited.
Senegal map

Table of Contents

  • Agreements
  • Onboarding Process
  • Visa
  • Minimum Wage
  • Payroll Cycle
  • Annual Bonus
  • Health Benefits
  • Working Hours and Overtime
  • Leaves
  • Social Security
  • Taxes for Employers
  • Taxes for Employees
  • Probation
  • Termination
  • Severance Pay
  • Employees or Contractors
  • Final Words


  • Employment agreements in Senegal can either be indefinite or fixed-term, with indefinite contracts being allowed to be either written or verbal, although written contracts are recommended.
  • Fixed-term contracts, on the other hand, must be written in French, but a version in another language can be provided upon request, with both versions being equally valid. These fixed-term contracts can be for a specific duration of up to two years or until the completion of a designated task
  • Employment agreements should include:
    • The names and other identifying details of each party
    • The nature and length of the contract, indicating whether it is a fixed-term contract and stating the term
    • Qualifications of the individual and their classification or position within the organization
    • Pay and benefits for the employee
    • The job duties of the employee
    • The workplace of employment (s)
    • The applicable legal documents, collective bargaining agreements, or regulations
    • Specifics regarding accommodation, if given by the employer
    • Any other contracts that are unique to the individual work arrangement between the employer and the employee.
Onboarding Process

Onboarding Process

The employee onboarding process typically involves the following steps:
  • An offer letter and employment contract
  • Verification and documentation
  • Orientation and training
  • Introduction to team and stakeholders
  • Provision of tools and resources
  • Performance management and feedback
  • Ongoing support


Senegal provides the following types of Visas:
  • Senegal Visa on Arrival: All other nationals may get a Senegal visa upon arrival, except those from Hong Kong, Macao, Kosovo, and Yemen.
  • Senegal Tourist Visa: For those who wish to travel and sightsee in Senegal, a tourist visa is granted.
  • Senegal Business Visa: The Senegal Business visa allows individuals to engage in various business-related activities.
  • Senegal Employment Visa: Senegal employment is given for business purposes, which necessitates a brief stay there.
  • Senegal Study Visa: Individuals from other countries who visit Senegal to study, train, or conduct research are eligible to apply for a Senegal Study Visa.
  • Senegal Family Visit Visa: Having this visa enables you to visit relatives or friends in Senegal.

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Minimum Wage

Minimum Wage

The minimum hourly pay in Senegal is 334XOF per hour for non-agricultural laborers and 213 XOF per hour for employees engaged on agricultural activities.
Payroll Cycle

Payroll Cycle

In Senegal, the payroll cycle is either daily, monthly or weekly. However, some companies may have different payroll schedules depending on their specific needs and industry.
Annual Bonus

Annual Bonus

In Senegal, there isn't a provision for paying an annual bonus or a 13th month salary.
Health Benefits

Health Benefits

  • The public healthcare system in Senegal is called the IPM (Institut de Prévoyance Maladie), and it provides coverage for employed residents. The IPM covers a percentage of medical, pharmaceutical, and hospital costs, ranging from 40-80%.
  • Employers are responsible for enrolling employees in the IPM, and after two months of contributions, the employee becomes eligible for benefits.
  • If an employee has not yet made sufficient contributions, the employer pays their medical expenses but is later reimbursed by the employee.
  • In addition, the employer typically provides a small hospital allowance to hospitalized employees.
  • The state welfare program in Senegal also covers primary healthcare for all citizens, regardless of employment status.
Working Hours and Overtime

Working Hours and Overtime

  • Work hours: Employees work 5 days a week for 40 hours.
  • Break: Break time is 30 minutes or one to two-hour long rest periods.
  • Overtime: The maximum amount of overtime that an employee can work in Senegal is 100 hours per year. 110% of the employee's hourly rate is paid as overtime for the first eight hours. For any additional hours, employees receive 135% of their hourly wages.


Sick Leaves

  • 5 days of paid sick leaves are provided to the employees after they have completed 6 months of working with an employer. Here is how employees are paid during their sick leaves:
    • Employees who haven't completed a year in their service receive full pay for one month and half pay for the next three months.
    • Those who have a service term of more than a year but less than five years get the full salary of one month and a half salary of four months.
    • Those who have spent more than five years in service get a full salary of two months and a half salary for five months.
  • Salaries during sick leaves are paid to employees through an inter-professional collective agreement.

Maternity leaves

  • Female employees in Senegal are granted a 14-week paid maternity leave, eight weeks of which are taken after childbirth.
  • In certain circumstances such as complications or illness related to pregnancy, the mother may receive three extra weeks of leave.
  • Salary during maternity leaves is paid by the Government.

Paternity Leave:

  • Male employees who fall under the interprofessional collective agreement are allowed to take one day of paid paternity leave.

Parental leaves

  • There isn't a provision for paternity leaves in Senegal

Annual leaves

  • Employees in Senegal are granted 21 days of paid annual leaves.

Public Holidays (for the Calendar year 2023)

  • New Year's Day (1st January)
  • Independence Day (4th April)
  • Easter Monday (10th April)
  • Korité (Tentative Date) (22nd April)
  • Labor Day (1st May)
  • Ascension Day (18th May)
  • Whit Monday (29th May)
  • Tabaski (Tentative Date) (29th June)
  • Tamkharit (Tentative Date) (28th July)
  • Assumption of Mary (15th August)
  • Grand Magal de Touba (4th September)
  • Maouloud (Tentative Date) (27th September)
  • All Saints' Day (1st November)
  • Christmas Day (25th September)

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Social Security

Social Security

In Senegal, social security is managed by the National Social Security Fund (Caisse Nationale de Sécurité Sociale or CNSS), which is responsible for administering social security programs for employees and their families. The CNSS offers various benefits, including health insurance, retirement pensions, occupational injury and disease coverage, and family allowances.
  • Employers pay 7% as Social Security to the family sector, 1% or 3% or 5% as Social Security to industrial accident/occupational disease and 6% to medical coverage.
  • Employees pay 6% toward medical coverage.
Taxes for Employers

Taxes for Employers

  • 8.4%- Retirement contribution (General employees)
  • 3.6%- Retirement contribution (Executive employees)
  • 6%- Medical Coverage
  • Social Security - Family Sector- 7%
  • Social Security - Industrial accident / Occupational disease- 1% or 3% or 5%

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Taxes for Employees

Taxes for Employees

  • 5.6%- Retirement contribution (General employees)
  • 2.4%- Retirement contribution (Executive employees)
  • 6%- Medical coverage

Personal Income Tax Rate

  • 0%- 0 to 630,000 XOF
  • 20%- 630,001 to 1,500,000 XOF
  • 30%- 1,500,001 to 4,000,000 XOF
  • 35%- 4,000,001 to 8,000,000 XOF
  • 37%- 8,000,001 to 13,500,000 XOF
  • 40%- 13,500,001 to 50,000,000 XOF
  • 43%- 50,000,001 XOF and over


The probation period in Senegal is of 6 months.

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  • In Senegal, fixed-term contracts typically end upon their expiration date and can only be terminated early for a serious reason, such as misconduct.
  • An indefinite contract can be terminated by mutual agreement or with the required notice period.
  • Written notice must be provided stating the reason for termination, and if the employer initiates termination, they must have a valid reason based on economic or personal factors specific to the employee.
Severance Pay

Severance Pay

While there is no legal obligation in Senegal for employers to pay severance, the national interprofessional collective agreement requires it. The amount an employee receives is based on their monthly salary and the length of their employment, as a percentage for each year worked.
Employees or Contractors

Employees or Contractors

  • There are penalties for misclassifying an employee as a contractor or vice versa in Senegal. If an employer misclassifies an employee as a contractor, they can face penalties such as fines and back taxes.
  • If an employer misclassifies a contractor as an employee, they may be required to provide employment benefits retroactively and could face legal action from the contractor. Employers need to understand the legal definitions of employees and contractors and classify their workers correctly to avoid penalties and legal issues
Final Words

Final Words

Overall, Senegal has a relatively well-developed employment framework with clear regulations on issues such as working hours, minimum wage, and leave entitlements. Employers are required to provide certain benefits, including social security contributions, and must comply with termination and severance pay rules. Senegal offers opportunities for businesses and workers alike, particularly in sectors such as agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism.

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