Understanding Employment Norms in Bangladesh: A Comprehensive Guide
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Hiring in Bangladesh? Read on to find out the employment norms (like taxes, payroll and benefits) and EOR (Employer on Record) norms in Bangladesh.

Employment Norms in Bangladesh

With a large population and a growing economy, Bangladesh offers a significant labor force that can be attractive to both local and international businesses. However, to successfully navigate the country's employment landscape, employers must be aware of the various laws and policies that govern working conditions, wages, benefits, and social security contributions.

General Information:

  • The currency of Bangladesh is the Bangladeshi taka (BDT).
  • Dhaka is the capital of Bangladesh.
  • The official language of Bangladesh is Bengali. Legal documents can be drafted in Bengali to be considered legally valid. As of now, most laws in Bangladesh are written in Bengali, except the laws that were passed before the year 1987. Though English is not the official second language but the financial, administrative, and legal forms that are used by the government are written in English.
  • The gross domestic product (GDP) of Bangladesh is 460.75 billion USD as of 2022.
The Ministry of Labour and Employment of the Government of Bangladesh is responsible for governing labor laws and regulations in Bangladesh.
Bangladesh map

Table of Contents

  • Agreements
  • Onboarding Process
  • Visa
  • Minimum Wage
  • Payroll Cycle
  • Annual Bonus
  • Health Benefits
  • Working Hours and Overtime
  • Leaves
  • Social Security
  • Taxes for Employers
  • Taxes for Employees
  • Probation
  • Termination
  • Severance Pay
  • Employees or Contractors
  • Final Words


Here are some key agreements related to labor and employment in Bangladesh:
  • Labor Act of 2006: This act governs labor relations in Bangladesh, including worker rights, working conditions, minimum wage, overtime, and employment termination.
  • Bangladesh Labor Rules of 2015: These rules provide specific guidelines for implementing the Labor Act of 2006, covering areas such as recruitment, employment contracts, working hours, leave, and social security.
  • Bangladesh Labor Policy of 2012: This policy aims to promote workers' welfare and protect their rights by improving working conditions, expanding employment opportunities, and enhancing social protection.
  • Bangladesh National Child Labor Elimination Policy of 2010: This policy seeks to eradicate all forms of child labor by providing education, training, and alternative job opportunities for children.
  • Tripartite Consultative Council: This council brings together representatives from the government, employers, and workers to discuss labor issues and formulate policies related to labor and employment in Bangladesh.
  • Trade Unions Act of 1926: This act provides for the registration and regulation of trade unions in Bangladesh, allowing workers to form and join unions to protect their rights and negotiate with employers.
These agreements play a crucial role in protecting workers' rights, improving working conditions, and promoting social welfare in Bangladesh. The laws are generally written in Bengali.
Onboarding Process

Onboarding Process

Certain important documents are required before beginning work -
  • Orientation: Introduce the new employee to the company's values, culture, policies, and procedures.
  • Paperwork: Obtain and verify all necessary personal and professional information, including identification, education, work experience, and references.
  • Contracts: Issue a formal employment contract specifying the terms and conditions of employment, such as job title, salary, benefits, and leave.
  • Training: Provide necessary training to the new employee, including job-specific and safety training.
Some mandatory documents to be submitted during the onboarding process in Bangladesh include:
  • National ID card
  • Passport (if applicable)
  • Educational certificates and transcripts
  • Job offer letter
  • Tax identification number (TIN) Certificate
  • Bank account details for salary payment


Various visas/permits in Bangladesh are as follows:
  • Employment Visa: Issued to foreign nationals who have secured employment in Bangladesh.
  • Business Visa: Issued to foreign nationals who wish to engage in business activities in Bangladesh, such as attending conferences or meetings, exploring business opportunities, or negotiating contracts.
  • Investment Visa: Issued to foreign nationals who wish to invest in Bangladesh, such as starting a business or making an investment.
  • Work Permit: Issued to foreign nationals who have been employed by a Bangladeshi company or organization and are in the process of obtaining an Employment Visa.

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Minimum Wage

Minimum Wage

The current minimum wage in Bangladesh is BDT 1,500.00 per month.
Payroll Cycle

Payroll Cycle

In Bangladesh, the payroll cycle is typically monthly.
Annual Bonus

Annual Bonus

After completing one year of employment in Bangladesh, employees are eligible to receive a festive bonus. Two festive bonuses can be provided by employers every year. The bonus should either be 50% of the employee's gross salary or equal to their basic salary.
Health Benefits

Health Benefits

While there is no specific legislation governing health benefits in Bangladesh Employers may provide:
  • Health insurance coverage: Employers may provide health insurance that covers medical expenses for employees and their dependents.
  • Health and wellness programs: Employers may offer programs to promote healthy lifestyle choices and prevent illness, such as gym memberships or wellness classes.
  • Occupational health and safety: Employers have a responsibility to ensure that the workplace is safe and healthy for employees.
Working Hours and Overtime

Working Hours and Overtime

  • Work hours: In Bangladesh employees work 40 hours a week and 8 hours per day, starting from Saturday to Thursday.
  • Break: There is no legal requirement for breaks during the workday, but many companies provide a one-hour lunch break
  • Overtime: Employers must pay workers at least twice times their regular wage for overtime hours if they work beyond the normal hours.


In Bangladesh, leaves for employees are governed by the Labor Act, of 2006. According to the Act, employees are entitled to the following types of leaves:

Sick Leaves

  • Workers are entitled to 14 days of paid sick leave per year. The employer is responsible for the payment of these leaves.

Parental/Paternity leaves

  • There isn't any provision for paternity or parental leave in Bangladesh.

Maternity Leaves

  • Female workers are entitled to 16 weeks of paid maternity leave, which can be taken before or after childbirth. Employees have to take 8 leaves before the birth of the child.
  • The average salary will be given to the female employees for the 3 months proceeding after they officially inform about the birth. The Employer is responsible for the payment.

Annual leaves

  • Workers are entitled to 10 days of paid annual leave per year.

Public Holidays

  • February 21 - Shaheed day
  • March 8 - Shab e-Barat (Night of Records)
  • March 17 - Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's Birth Anniversary
  • March 26 - Independence Day (National Day)
  • April 14 - Pahela Baishakh (Bangla New Year)
  • April 19 - Laylat Al-Qadr (Night of Destiny)
  • April 21- Jummatul-vida
  • April 22 - Eid-ul-Fitr
  • April 23 - Eid-ul Fitr
  • May 1 - May Day
  • May 4 - Buddha Purnima (Buddha Day)
  • June 28-30 - Eid-ul-Adha Holiday
  • July 29 - Ashura (Muharrum)
  • August 15 - National Mourning Day
  • September 6 - Sri Krishna Janmashtami
  • September 28 - Eid-e-Milad-un Nabi (The Prophet's Birthday)
  • December 16 - Bijoy Dibosh (Victory Day)
  • December 25 - Christmas Day

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Social Security

Social Security

The Ministry of Social Welfare in Bangladesh is responsible for overseeing and governing social security programs in the country. Both employers and employees contribute 6.2% each and self-employed individual's contribution is 12.4%
Taxes for Employers

Taxes for Employers

Various taxes paid by the employers are:
  • Social Security Contribution - Employer's contribution is 6.2%
  • VAT - flat rate of 15%
  • Company tax - 22.5%

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Taxes for Employees

Taxes for Employees

Various taxes paid by employees are:
  • Income tax - Income tax in Bangladesh depends upon the residential status of the employee. Employees who are residents of Bangladesh have to pay tax for worldwide income, whereas those who are not residents are taxed for the income earned in the country. The income tax for residents ranges between 0% to 25%, whereas non-residents have to pay a flat rate of 30%.
    Tax rates are as follows:
    • 0% up to BDT 300,000
    • 5% to BDT 300,001 - 400,000
    • 10% from BDT 400,001 - 700,000
    • 15% from BDT 700,001 - 1,100,000
    • 20% from BDT 1,100,001 - 1,600,000
    • 25% for the amount above 1,600,000
  • Social security contribution - Employee's contribution is 6.2%


The duration of the probation period varies according to the employee's field of work.
  • for employees in clerical work, the probation period is of 6 months
  • for other employees, the probation remains for 3 months.

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In Bangladesh, an employee can be terminated for various reasons, including:
  • completion of the agreed-upon employment period
  • by mutual agreement between the employer and employee
  • poor performance or misconduct by the employee
  • breach of the employment contract by the employee
  • closure or restructuring of the employer's business
  • employee's long-term illness or disability
  • redundancy or downsizing of the employer's workforce
Severance Pay

Severance Pay

In Bangladesh, labor law requires employers to provide severance pay to employees who are terminated due to redundancy, downsizing, or closure of the business. The amount of severance pay is typically based on the employee's length of service, with one month's salary for each year of service. The maximum amount of severance pay that can be provided is 12 months' salary.
Employees or Contractors

Employees or Contractors

In Bangladesh, the legal definitions of employees and contractors are as follows:
  • An employee is an individual who performs work for an employer in return for remuneration and is subject to the employer's direction and control.
  • A contractor, on the other hand, is an individual or business that provides services to a client or customer under a contract for a fee.
Misclassifying an employee as a contractor or vice versa can result in significant penalties and legal consequences.
Final Words

Final Words

Bangladesh has a well-defined legal framework governing employment practices and regulations. The country offers diverse employment opportunities in various industries. The country provides a conducive environment for businesses and employees, and the government continues to take steps to improve the country's labor market conditions.

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