Understanding Employment Norms in Morocco: A Comprehensive Guide
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Hiring in Morocco? Read on to find out the employment norms (like taxes, payroll and benefits) and EOR (Employer on Record) norms in Morocco.

Employment Norms in Morocco

Morocco has a diverse and dynamic economy, attracting both local and foreign job seekers. This guide provides an overview of the employment norms in Morocco, covering hiring practices, working conditions, wages, and other important aspects of the job market.

General Information:

  • The Moroccan currency is the Moroccan Dirham (MAD).
  • Rabat is the capital of Morocco.
  • Arabic and Berber are the official languages of Morocco. French is also widely spoken and used in business and government. Legal documents can be drafted in Arabic or French to be considered legally valid.
  • As of 2021, the GDP of Morocco was reported to be approximately USD 142.87 billion.
Morocco's labor laws regulate minimum wage, working hours, leave entitlements, discrimination, and termination procedures for employees.
Morocco map

Table of Contents

  • Agreements
  • Onboarding Process
  • Visa
  • Minimum Wage
  • Payroll Cycle
  • Annual Bonus
  • Health Benefits
  • Working hours and overtime
  • Leaves
  • Social Security
  • Taxes for Employers
  • Taxes for Employees
  • Probation
  • Termination
  • Severance Pay
  • Employees or Contractors
  • Final Words


In Morocco, agreements between employers and employees are typically governed by the Labor Code and the Moroccan Civil Code.
  • Employment agreements must be in writing and may be drafted in either Arabic or French.
  • The agreement should include the terms and conditions of employment, such as the job title, salary, working hours, and duration of the contract.
  • Fixed-term contracts are allowed, but the duration should not exceed two years unless there is a specific reason for the longer term.
  • Collective bargaining agreements can be negotiated between employers and trade unions to regulate employment conditions and wages in certain sectors or industries.
  • It is recommended that both parties sign the agreement in the presence of a notary or a representative from the labor inspectorate to ensure its legal validity.
Onboarding Process

Onboarding Process

The onboarding process in Morocco typically involves:
  • Employers in Morocco typically provide a detailed job offer letter outlining the terms of employment, including the job title, salary, working hours, and duration of the contract.
  • Employers must obtain a medical certificate for the employee, and both parties must sign the employment contract before the employee's start date.
  • Mandatory documents for onboarding include the employee's identification card or passport, a copy of their educational qualifications, and their social security card.
  • Employers may also request additional documents such as a criminal record check or a driving license


Morocco has several types of visas and work permits for individuals visiting or working in the country, including:
  • Tourist visa: for individuals visiting Morocco for tourism purposes.
  • Business visa: for individuals conducting business activities in Morocco, such as attending conferences or meetings.
  • Work visa: for individuals who have secured a job in Morocco and require a permit to work in the country.
  • Student visa: for individuals studying at an educational institution in Morocco.
  • Residency permit: for individuals who have been living in Morocco for a certain period and require a permit to stay in the country.

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Minimum Wage

Minimum Wage

The minimum wage in Morocco for the public sector is around MAD 3300-3500 per month and for the private sector, it is MAD 2828-2902 per month.
Payroll Cycle

Payroll Cycle

In Morocco, the common payroll cycle for employees is monthly.
Annual Bonus

Annual Bonus

In Morocco, it is common for employers to provide their employees with an annual bonus. However, there is no legal requirement for employers to do so, and the bonus amount and eligibility criteria are at the employer's discretion.
Health Benefits

Health Benefits

Employers in Morocco are not required by law to provide health benefits to their employees. However, providing health benefits is a common practice in many companies to attract and retain talent. Health benefits offered by employers may include:
  • Health insurance coverage
  • Dental Insurance
  • Vision care coverage
  • Disability insurance
  • Life insurance
  • Wellness programs
Working hours and overtime

Working hours and overtime

  • Work hours: The standard workweek in Morocco is 44 hours, with a maximum of 10 hours per day.
  • Break: Employees are entitled to a minimum of 30 minutes of rest after six hours of work
  • Overtime: Overtime work is allowed up to a maximum of 120 hours per year, and employees must be compensated at a rate of at least 125% of their regular hourly wage for any overtime hours worked.


Sick Leave

  • Employees in Morocco are entitled to 4 days/ 8 half days of paid sick leave per year.
  • These leaves are paid by the national social security fund.

Parental leaves

  • Female employees are entitled to 14 weeks of maternity leave, with 100% of their regular salary paid by the employer. An additional year of unpaid leave can also be requested.
  • Male employees are entitled to three days of paternity leave paid by the employer.
  • In 2019, Morocco passed a new law allowing same-sex couples to legally adopt children, and as a result, they are also entitled to parental leave.

Annual Leaves

  • Employees are entitled to 1.5 days of paid annual leave per month of service, up to a maximum of 18 days per year. After 5 years of service, employees are entitled to an additional 1.5 days of leave per month with a maximum of 30 days of annual leave per year.

Public Holidays (for the Calendar year 2023)

  • 11-Jan: Anniversary of the independence manifesto
  • 22-Apr: Eid-al-Fitr
  • 1-May: Labor Day
  • 29-Jun: Eid al-Adha
  • 19-Jul: Hijra New Year
  • 30-Jul: Feast of the Throne
  • 14-Aug: Anniversary of the recovery Oued Ed-Dahab
  • 20-Aug: Revolution Day
  • 21-Aug: Youth Day
  • 27-Sep: Prophet Muhammad's Birthday (Tentative date)27-Sep: Prophet Muhammad's Birthday (Tentative date)
  • 6-Nov: Anniversary of the Green March
  • 18-Nov: Independence Day

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Social Security

Social Security

In Morocco, social security is managed by the National Social Security Fund (CNSS) and covers health, retirement, and unemployment benefits. the employer contribution is 23.59% while the employee contribution is 16.27%.
Taxes for Employers

Taxes for Employers

In Morocco, employers are required to pay several taxes, including:
  • Family benefits: 6.4%
  • Short-term social benefits: 1.05%
  • Long-term social benefits: 7.93%
  • Health insurance: 4.11%
  • Professional training tax: 1.6%
  • Social solidarity contribution: 2.5%
  • VAT: 20%

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Taxes for Employees

Taxes for Employees

In Morocco, employees are required to pay several taxes, including:
  • Income tax: Employees are required to pay income tax on their salaries at a progressive rate, ranging from 0% to 38%
    • 38%: Beyond 180,000 MAD
    • 34%: 80,001 - 180,000 MAD
    • 30%: 60,001 - 80,000 MAD
    • 20%: 50,001 - 60,000 MAD
    • 10%: 30,001 - 50,000 MAD
  • Family benefits: 0.52%
  • Short-term social benefits: 7.93%
  • Long-term social benefits: 3.96%
  • Health insurance: 2.26%
  • Social solidarity contribution: 1.6%


In Morocco, the probation period is typically three months for executive staff and 6 months for non-executive staff.

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In Morocco, an employer can terminate an employment contract under certain conditions, including:
  • Mutual agreement between the employer and employee
  • Termination during the probation period
  • Termination with notice period: The employer can terminate the contract by providing the employee with notice. The length of the notice period depends on the length of service of the employee, ranging from 48 hours to three months.
  • Termination without notice: The employer can terminate the contract without notice if the employee is guilty of serious misconduct, including theft, fraud, or violence in the workplace.
  • Termination for economic reasons
Severance Pay

Severance Pay

The amount of severance pay in Morocco depends on the length of service of the employee and is equal to,
  • 96 hours pay: First five years of employment
  • 144 hours pay: 6 - 10 years of employment
  • 192 hours pay: 11 - 15 years of employment
  • 240 hours pay: 15+ years of employment
Employees or Contractors

Employees or Contractors

  • If an employer misclassifies an employee as a contractor, they may be subject to penalties and fines, and the employee may be entitled to benefits and protections under labor laws in Morocco.
  • Similarly, if an employer misclassifies a contractor as an employee, they may be required to provide back pay and benefits retroactively and may also be subject to penalties and fines
Final Words

Final Words

Morocco has a well-established legal framework that regulates various aspects of employment, including minimum wage, working hours, leaves, social security, taxes, and termination. The country provides various opportunities for both local and foreign workers, with a growing economy and a diversified job market.

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