Understanding Employment Norms in Ukraine: A Comprehensive Guide
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Hiring in Ukraine? Read on to find out the employment norms (like taxes, payroll and benefits) and EOR (Employer on Record) norms in Ukraine.

Employment Norms in Ukraine

Ukraine is an Eastern European country. It is the second largest country in Europe with extensive development. The Ukrainian Labor Code and the Ukrainian Constitution oversee the employment norms. If a company is looking for business expansion in Ukraine, it must register locally. A company's local presence is mandatory for business expansion and hiring.

General Information:

  • Ukraine's currency is Ukrainian Hryvnia (UAH).
  • Kyiv is the capital of Ukraine.
  • Ukrainian and Russian are the official languages of Ukraine.
  • Documentation can be in the Ukrainian language. The documents can be translated into other languages as well.
  • As of 2022, the GDP of Ukraine was reported to be 4830 billion USD.
The Ukrainian Labor laws offer employee protection against discrimination. It also provides minimum wage, a healthy working environment, and other facilities.
Ukraine map

Table of Contents

  • Agreements
  • Onboarding Process
  • Visa
  • Minimum Wage
  • Payroll Cycle
  • Annual Bonus
  • Health Benefits
  • Working hours and overtime
  • Leaves
  • Social Security
  • Taxes for Employers
  • Taxes for Employees
  • Probation
  • Termination
  • Severance Pay
  • Employees or Contractors
  • Final Words


  • The Ukrainian Labor Laws distinguish between an employment agreement and an employment contract. While employment agreements are widely used, employment contracts are used in particular cases.
  • Employment contracts are more flexible and can have additional provisions. It must be well-written with all the necessary employment information. Conditions like termination, duty, employment length, and rights should be mentioned.
  • Ukraine has two types of contracts: definite or fixed and indefinite or open-ended.
  • Indefinite or open-ended contract - A contract with no fixed end date is called an indefinite contract. It is mutually agreed upon and can be terminated by both parties. An employee can terminate the contract without stating a specific reason. The employer has to say a valid reason for termination.
  • Definite or fixed-term contract - A contract that ends on a fixed date is called a fixed-term contract. It is agreed upon for a certain type of work and a fixed time. There is no minimum or maximum duration for a fixed contract in Ukraine.
  • However, there are certain rules for the renewal of a fixed contract. If a fixed contract is renewed more than once, it will be treated as an indefinite contract.
Onboarding Process

Onboarding Process

The onboarding process in Ukraine is just like any other country. However, it may take a few days to complete.
  • The company will collaborate with its HR team if there is a job vacancy. A job description is prepared, which has details about the job.
  • Once the appropriate description is prepared, it is uploaded on the company's official sites and other platforms.
  • The employer may choose to publish the vacancy in local newspapers and magazines.
  • Candidates submit their applications by verifying their eligibility criteria.
  • The HR team shortlists candidates on the given criteria and rounds of assessments.
  • Final shortlisted candidates can negotiate with the employer regarding the job. Once both parties agree, the candidate is hired as an employee.


Ukraine has three types of visas:
  • Transit Visa - It is issued for a transit period only. It can not exceed five days.
  • Short-Term Visa - It is granted for a shorter duration. It is issued for a stay of up to 90 days duration.It gives entry into Ukraine for six months from the date of issue.
  • Long-term Visa - It is issued for a duration exceeding 90 days. It grants multiple entries over 90 days.

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Minimum Wage

Minimum Wage

The Ukrainian Labor Law has fixed the minimum wage for each employee. The minimum wage in Ukraine is around UAH 6500. The minimum pay is also dependent on the type of work.
Payroll Cycle

Payroll Cycle

The payroll cycle in Ukraine is bi-weekly in nature. However, there is also a provision for weekly and monthly payment cycles.
Annual Bonus

Annual Bonus

There is no legal provision for providing an annual bonus in Ukraine. Some companies may grant bonuses based on the performance of the employee.
Health Benefits

Health Benefits

  • The employer is responsible for maintaining the health and safety of its employees.
  • An employee must declare health issues, if any.
Working hours and overtime

Working hours and overtime

  • Work hours: Work hours in Ukraine are of 40 hours a week. It usually expands over 8 hours of work in 5 days. If workdays extend to 6 days a week, the working hours reduce to 7 hours per day.
  • Break: An employee is entitled to an unpaid break every day. The break time must not exceed 2 hours. Every company has a different time for a break.
  • Overtime: Overtime is not allowed in Ukraine. The employer can not request any employee to work overtime. In some cases, however, an employee may work overtime. In this case, the employee is entitled to get double pay


Sick Leave

  • An employee is entitled to get paid sick leaves in Ukraine. A medical certificate is required to take sick leave.
  • The employer pays 100% salary for up to 5 days of sick leave. After 6th day, it is covered under the Social Security Fund.
  • It may be 50% to 100% coverage under the Social Security Fund.

Maternity leaves

  • A pregnant female employee is entitled to 126 days of maternity leave in Ukraine.
  • The maternity leave of 70 days must be given before the child's birth. 56 days of leave is granted after childbirth.
  • In case of complications or multiple births, maternity leave can b extended to 140 days.
  • The expecting mother is entitled to get 100% of her salary during the maternity leave.

Paternity leaves

  • Since 2021, the provision for paternity leave is also added in Ukraine.
  • A male employee can take 14 days of paid paternity leave after the birth of his child.
  • This leave must be taken within three months of childbirth.
  • It is 100% paid leave under the Social Security Fund.

Adoption leaves

  • Employees that are adopting a child are entitled to paid leave. An employee gets a parental leave of 56 days after the adoption.
  • 70 days of parental leave is granted in case of multiple adoptions at one time.
  • Adoption leave in Ukraine is granted to only one parent.

Annual Leaves

  • An employee is entitled to a minimum of 24 paid annual leaves annually.
  • Employees under the age of 18 get 30 days of paid annual leave in Ukraine.
  • Employees are granted unpaid leaves of 15 days annually.

Public Holidays (for the Calendar year 2023)

  • 1 Jan - New Year's Day
  • 2 Jan - New Year Holiday
  • 7 Jan - Orthodox Christmas Day
  • 9 Jan - Orthodox Christmas Holiday
  • 8 Mar - International Women's Day
  • 16 Apr - Orthodox Easter Sunday
  • 17 Apr - Orthodox Easter Monday
  • 1 May - Labor Day
  • 9 Sep - Victory Day over Nazism in World War II
  • 4 Jun - Orthodox Whit Sunday
  • 5 Jun - Orthodox Whit Monday
  • 28 Jun - Constitution Day
  • 24 Aug - Independence Day
  • 14 Oct - Defender's Day
  • 16 Oct - Defender's Day Holiday
  • 25 Dec - Catholic Christmas Day

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Social Security

Social Security

  • Social Security in Ukraine covers maternity, paternity, sick, and disability leaves.
  • An employer has to contribute 22% to the social security fund.
Taxes for Employers

Taxes for Employers

  • The employer has to pay a 22% tax for the social security contribution. It is a compulsory tax in Ukraine.
  • An additional corporate tax of 18% is levied on the employer.
  • An employer may have to pay 20% of Value Added Tax.

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Taxes for Employees

Taxes for Employees

  • Every employee is obliged to pay an income tax in Ukraine. A flat-rate income tax of 18% is levied on an employee.
  • A military tax of 1.5% is levied on an employee. It is a mandatory tax in Ukraine.
  • An employee does not have to contribute to the Social Security Fund.


There is no fixed duration of probation in Ukraine. The commonly followed probationary period for blue-collared jobs must not exceed one month. The probationary period for other employees is up to 3 months.

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  • Termination of employment in Ukraine is a complex process. The employer has to state a valid reason for termination.
  • An employee does not need to state the reason for resigning.
Severance Pay

Severance Pay

  • An employee is entitled to one month's salary as severance pay in case of termination.
  • A corporate officer gets 3 to 6 months' salary on termination.
  • The employee does not get any severance pay on resignation.
Employees or Contractors

Employees or Contractors

  • A person who works for a company and gets paid is called an employee.
  • An organization or company that hires employees is the employer.
  • There are two types of recognized employment in Ukraine - employees and self-employed.
  • A penalty is imposed if an employer is found guilty of an employee's misclassification.
  • The employer has to pay all legal benefits to such a misclassified employee.
  • The employer has to pay all taxes and other contributions on behalf of the employee.
Final Words

Final Words

Ukraine is an Eastern European country. It has booming employment opportunities. The Ukrainian Labor Laws make it a good place for business expansion. It is essential to have a local presence to expand the business and hire employees in Ukraine. It has different legal provisions for contracts and agreements. Employees in Ukraine are given protection against discrimination.

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